E-2 Visa (non-immigrant)

E-2 Nonimmigrants The E-2 classification is for aliens who are nationals of a country with which the United States maintains a qualifying treaty or an international agreement, or which has been deemed a qualifying country by legislation, and who are coming to the United States to develop and direct the operations of an enterprise in which the alien has invested or is actively in the process of investing a substantial amount of capital. An E-2 must demonstrate possession and control of capital and the ability to develop and direct the investment enterprise and the ability to develop and direct the investment enterprise. Capital in the process of being invested or that has been invested must be placed at risk and be irrevocably committed to the enterprise.

  1. The enterprise must be a real, active, and operating commercial or entrepreneurial undertaking that produces services or goods for profit.
  2. The investment must be substantial and the funds must not have been obtained, directly or indirectly, from criminal activity.
  3. The enterprise must be more than marginal.
  4. An employee of an E-2 who possesses the same nationality as the E-2 employer may also be classified as E-2. The employee must principally and primarily perform executive or supervisory duties or possess special qualifications that are essential to the successful or efficient operation of the enterprise.
  5. The petition must be filed with evidence of:
    1. Ownership and Nationality of the E-2 treaty investor. Such evidence may include, but is not limited to, lists of investors with current status and nationality, stock certificates, certificate of ownership issued by the commercial section of a foreign embassy, and reports from a certified personal accountant;
    2. Substantial investment. Such evidence may include, but is not limited to, copies of partnership agreements (with a statement on proportionate ownership), articles of incorporation, payments for the rental of business premises or office equipment, business licenses, stock certificates, office inventories (goods and equipment purchased for the business), insurance appraisals, annual reports, net worth statements from certified profession accountants, advertising invoices, business bank accounts containing funds for routine operations, funds held in escrow; and
    3. For E-2 employees only: Executive or Supervisory Duties or special qualifications essential to the enterprise. Evidence of such duties or qualifications may include, but is not limited to, certificates, diplomas or transcripts, letters from employers describing job titles, duties, operators’ manuals, and the required level of education and knowledge.
  6. The investor, either a person, partnership or corporate entity, must have the citizenship of a treaty country.
  7. If a business, at least 50 percent of the business must be owned by persons with the treaty country’s nationality.
  8. The investment must be substantial, with investment funds or assets committed and irrevocable. It must be sufficient to ensure the successful operation of the enterprise.
  9. The investment must be a real operating enterprise, an active commercial or entrepreneurial undertaking. A paper organization, speculative or idle investment does not qualify. Uncommitted funds in a bank account or similar security are not considered an investment.
  10. It must generate significantly more income than just to provide a living to you and family, or it must have a significant economic impact in the United States.
  11. You must have control of the funds, and the investment must be at risk in the commercial sense. Loans secured with the assets of the investment enterprise are not allowed.
  12. You must be coming to the United States to develop and direct the enterprise. If you are not the principal investor, you must be considered an essential employee, employed in a supervisory, executive, or highly specialized skill capacity. Ordinary skilled and unskilled workers do not qualify.